PAPER AUDIT OPERASIONAL (OPERATIONAL AUDIT)

This Paper discuss about operational audit (audit operasional). Audit performance audit covering economy, efficiency and effectiveness is essentially an extension of the conventional audit (conventional audit) which includes compliance auditing and financial auditing. One of the things that distinguishes the performance audit and audit is in the conventional audit reports. In a conventional audit, the Read more

ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED (EVA) |ARTIKEL

This artikel discuss about EVA.Economic Value Added (EVA) is the result of reduction in the total capital cost of operating profit after tax. Own capital cost in the form of cost of debt and the cost of equity. Economic Value Added can be formulated as follows: EVA = NOPAT – (Capital xc) or EVA = Read more

ARTIKEL PAJAK INTERNASIONAL

This artikel discuss about Pajak Internasional PRELIMINARY CONCEPTS Complexity of laws and rules that determine the tax for foreign companies and the profits generated abroad is actually derived from some basic concepts. This concept includes instilah tax neutrality and tax equity. Tax neutrality means that no impact (neutral) to the resource allocation decisions. In other Read more

ARTIKEL PERILAKU ORGANISASI (GOAL CONGRUENCE)

This artikel discusses Organizational Behavior (Perilaku Organisasi) and its impact on Goal Congruence.GOAL CONGRUENCE SPM has a main goal to ensure (as far as possible) the level of high goal congruence. Goal congruence is an harmony between the actions of individuals to achieve personal goals to help the achievement of organizational goals. In an organization, Read more

ARTIKEL AUDITING

This Artikel discuss about Auditing.Auditing is a systematic process to obtain and evaluate evidence objectively about asersi-asersi activities and economic events, with the aim of setting the degree of fit between the asersi-asersi criteria previously set and communicating the results to the parties concerned. A systematic process is a series of steps or procedures are Read more