Export is the process of transportation of goods or commodities from one country to another country legally, generally in the trade process. Export process in general is an act to remove the goods or commodities from the country to put it another country. Exports of goods generally requires the intervention of customs at the sender and recipient countries. Exports are an important part of international trade, the opposite is imported (Indonesian From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Import is the process of transportation of goods or commodities from one country to another country legally, generally in the trade process. The process is generally an act of imports of goods or commodities entering from other countries into the country. Imports of goods generally requires the intervention of customs at the sender and recipient countries. Imports are an important part of international trade, the opposite is the export (Indonesian From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
CONDITION OF EXPORT INDONESIA
Preferential treatment for the Indonesian exports have intensified since 1983. Since then, exports to the attention of accelerating economic growth along with changing the strategy of industrialization, the emphasis on import substitution industrialization to export promotion industries. Domestic consumers buying imported goods or foreign consumers to buy domestic goods, to be something very unusual. Very sharp competition among different products. In addition to price, quality or quality of goods into the determinants of competitiveness of a product.
Cumulatively, the value of Indonesian exports from January to October 2008 reached USD118, 43 billion or 26.92 percent increase compared to the same period in 2007, while non-oil exports reached USD92, 26 billion, an increase of 21.63 percent. Meanwhile, according to sector, exports of agricultural, industrial, and other mining products and the period increased respectively 34.65 percent, 21.04 percent and 21.57 percent over the same period the previous year.
As well during this period, exports of 10 classes of goods contributed 58.8 percent of the total non-oil exports. Tenth class is, animal fats and vegetable oils, mineral fuels, machinery or electrical equipment, rubber and rubber goods, machinery or mechanical appliances. Then there ore, crust, and the gray metal, paper or cardboard, not knitted apparel, wood and articles of wood, and tin.
During the period from January to October 2008, exports from these 10 groups of goods contributed 58.80 percent of the total non-oil exports. In terms of growth, 10 groups of goods exports increased 27.71 percent over the same period in 2007. Meanwhile, the role of non-oil exports outside the 10 classes of goods in January-October 2008 of 41.20 percent.
Japan was still the largest export destination with a value of USD11, 80 billion (12.80 percent), followed by the United States with a $ 10 value, 67 billion (11.57 percent), and Singapore to the value $ 8, 67 billion (9.40 percent ).
The role and development of Indonesian non-oil exports by sector for the period January to October in 2008 compared to the year 2007 can be seen on. Exports of agricultural products, industrial products and mining and other products each increased 34.65 percent, 21.04 percent and 21.57 percent.
Viewed from its contribution to overall exports from January to October 2008, the contribution of industrial products exports amounted to 64.13 percent, while the contribution of exports of agricultural products amounted to 3.31 percent, and the contribution of mining exports amounted to 10.46 percent, while the contribution of oil and gas exports amounted to 22.10 percent.
Although the overall conditions improve and Indonesia exports increase, no doubt since the global financial crisis, the condition of Indonesia’s exports to decline. Call it the export of September that had decreased to 2.15 percent or $ 12, 23 billion when compared with August 2008. However, a year-on-year increase of 28.53 percent.
INDONESIA IMPORT CONDITIONS
Import situation in Indonesia was always considered good, because according to the group the use of goods, the role of imports for consumer goods and raw materials / auxiliary during October 2008 has decreased compared to the previous month respectively from 6.77 per cent and 75.65 per cent to 5, 99 per cent and 74.89 per cent. While the role of capital goods imports increased from 17.58 percent to 19.12 percent.
While views of the role of the total Indonesian non-oil imports during January-October 2008, the engine per airplane mechanic gives the biggest role of 17.99 percent, followed by machinery and electrical equipment for 15.15 per cent, iron and steel of 8.80 per cent, vehicle and share of 5.98 per cent, organic chemicals by 5.54 percent, plastics and plastic goods by 4.16 per cent, and articles of iron and steel of 3.27 percent.
In addition, the following three classes of goods imported to the role of under three percent of the fertilizer by 2.43 percent, 2.39 percent for cereals and cotton of 1.98 percent. The role of imports of ten major groups of goods reached 67.70 percent of total non-oil imports and 50.76 percent of total imports overall.
The latest data shows that during the October 2008 non-oil import value Bonded Zones (KB / duty-free area) is $ 1, 78 billion. The number is experiencing a deficit of USD9, 3 million, or 0.52 percent compared to September 2008.
Meanwhile, the total value of Indonesian non-oil imports during that period for USD64, 62 billion or 76.85 percent came from 12 major countries, namely China for $ 12, 86 billion or 15.30 percent, followed by Japan for $ 12, 13 billion (14 , 43 per cent). Singapore next play 11.29 percent, the United States (7.93 percent), Thailand (6.51 percent), South Korea (4.97 percent), Malaysia (4.05 percent), Australia (4.03 percent), Germany (3.19 percent), Taiwan (2.83 percent), France (1.22 percent), and the United Kingdom (1.10 percent). Meanwhile, Indonesia’s import from ASEAN reached 23.22 percent and from 10.37 per cent of the European Union.